Most men with prostatitis have chronic prostatitis/pelvic pain syndrome, inflammatory or noninflammatory. The cause of this type of prostatitis is not known.
About 1 out of 10 men have prostatitis caused by bacteria.
Acute prostatitis and chronic bacterial prostatitis
- Traveling through the Reference urethra Opens New Window.
- Being present in the urine because of a bladder infection.
- Being introduced through the use of a urinary Reference catheter Opens New Window.
Chronic prostatitis/pelvic pain syndrome, inflammatory (nonbacterial prostatitis)
The specific cause of Reference chronic prostatitis/pelvic pain syndrome, inflammatory, is usually not known. But doctors believe the possible causes include:
- Blocked urine flow.
- Abnormal movement of urine and prostate secretions into the prostate.
- Microorganisms that may infect the prostate. If they are present, they usually are not detectable in the urine.
- The immune system attacking the prostate (Reference autoimmune disease Opens New Window).
- Chemicals normally found in the urine, such as uric acid, which may get into the prostate and cause irritation.
- Abnormal nerve or muscle function.
Chronic prostatitis/pelvic pain syndrome, noninflammatory (prostatodynia)
The causes of Reference chronic prostatitis/pelvic pain syndrome, noninflammatory, may be the same as those for chronic prostatitis/pelvic pain syndrome, inflammatory. Some doctors think that a combination of things—including nervous system problems and strained pelvic floor muscles—causes the pain. Emotional problems and anxiety can make the pain worse.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference December 3, 2011|
|Medical Review:||Reference E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Reference J. Curtis Nickel, MD, FRCSC - Urology