Urinary Incontinence in Men
Urinary incontinence occurs when the muscle (sphincter) that holds your bladder's outlet closed is not strong enough to hold back the urine. This may happen if the sphincter is too weak, if the Reference bladder Opens New Window muscles contract too strongly, or if the bladder is overfull.
A man may have one or more types of incontinence, and each type may have a different cause.
- Reference Stress incontinence occurs when the muscle (sphincter) surrounding the Reference urethra Opens New Window opens at an inappropriate time. This can happen when you laugh, sneeze, cough, lift something, or change posture. Stress incontinence can be caused by surgery to treat an enlarged prostate or prostate cancer, radiation therapy to treat prostate cancer, or removal of the prostate.
Reference Urge incontinence is
caused by bladder contractions that are too strong to be stopped by the
sphincter. Often the urge is a response to something that makes you anticipate
urination, such as waiting to use a toilet, unlocking the door when returning
home, or even turning on a faucet. The bladder contractions can be caused by
many conditions, including:
- Reference Urinary tract infection Opens New Window.
- Bowel problems, such as constipation.
- Reference Prostatitis Opens New Window, a painful infection of the prostate gland.
- Certain neurological conditions that affect nerve signals from the brain, such as Parkinson's disease or stroke.
- Kidney or Reference bladder stones Opens New Window.
- Blockage due to Reference prostate cancer Opens New Window or Reference benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) Opens New Window.
- Reference Overflow incontinence usually is caused by obstruction of the urethra from BPH or prostate cancer or when the bladder muscles contract weakly or don't contract when they should. Other causes include:
- Reference Functional incontinence is a rare form of incontinence caused by physical or mental limitations that restrict a man's ability to reach the toilet in time.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference July 17, 2012|
|Medical Review:||Reference E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Reference Avery L. Seifert, MD - Urology