Repair of Rectocele or Enterocele
A Reference rectocele Opens New Window Reference Opens New Window occurs when the end of the large intestine (rectum) pushes against and moves the back wall of the Reference vagina Opens New Window. An enterocele (small bowel prolapse) occurs when the Reference small bowel Opens New Window Reference Opens New Window presses against and moves the upper wall of the vagina. Reference Rectoceles Opens New Window and Reference enteroceles Opens New Window develop if the lower pelvic muscles become damaged by labor, childbirth, or a previous pelvic surgery or when the muscles are weakened by aging. A rectocele or an enterocele can be present at birth (congenital), though this is rare.
A rectocele or an enterocele may become large or more obvious when you strain or bear down (for example, during a bowel movement). A rectocele and an enterocele may occur together, especially if you have had surgery to remove the uterus (Reference hysterectomy Opens New Window).
Because rectocele and enterocele are defects of the pelvic supporting tissue and not the bowel wall, they are treated most successfully with surgery that repairs the vaginal wall. This surgery pulls together the stretched or torn tissue in the area of prolapse. Surgery will also strengthen the wall of the vagina to prevent prolapse from recurring. Unless there is another health problem that would require an abdominal incision, rectoceles and enteroceles are usually repaired through the vagina.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: October 9, 2012|
|Medical Review:||Reference Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine
Reference Femi Olatunbosun, MB, FRCSC - Obstetrics and Gynecology