Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy
Serious problems from a bone marrow aspiration or biopsy are not common. Problems may include:
- Bleeding from the biopsy site. People with bleeding problems have a higher chance for this. If you have bleeding problems, pressure will be put on the biopsy site for at least 10 minutes after the biopsy. In rare cases, you may be given a blood product (clotting factor or platelets) in a vein in your arm before the biopsy to prevent bleeding after the biopsy.
- Infection of skin or the bone (Reference osteomyelitis Opens New Window) at the biopsy site.
- Injury to your heart, a lung, or a major blood vessel if the sample is taken from the breastbone (sternum). This complication is very rare. Samples are not often taken from the breastbone, so most people do not have to worry about this risk.
After the biopsy
You will lie down for 30 to 60 minutes after the biopsy so the site can be checked for bleeding. If you had a sedative, you will need someone to drive you home after the biopsy.
You may feel sore at the biopsy site for several days. Ice packs to the site, walking, and pain medicine, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol), can be used to help you feel better.
Call your doctor immediately if you have:
- More tenderness, pain, redness, or swelling at the biopsy site.
- A fever.
- Bleeding or drainage, such as pus, from the biopsy site. If you are bleeding, put pressure on the site and call your doctor.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference November 12, 2010|
|Medical Review:||Reference E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Reference Brian Leber, MDCM, FRCPC - Hematology