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    Infertility: Problems With the Uterus and Cervix

    Infertility: Problems With the Uterus and Cervix

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    Topic Overview

    Problems with a woman's uterus and/or cervix may be caused by many things. Causes include:

    • Abnormalities of the uterus. These may have been present from birth.
    • A past surgery or procedure, such as a cervical cone biopsy or a dilation and curettage (D&C) . These may decrease fertility if the procedures have damaged the cervix or uterine lining. (This is rare.)
    • Exposure to certain drugs before birth, such as DES . These may cause deformities of the uterus, resulting in infertility.
    • Abnormalities in a woman's cervical mucus. These may affect the movement of sperm through the vagina and cervix.
    • Antibodies to sperm present in a woman's cervical mucus. These may kill the sperm or affect their ability to move normally.

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    ByHealthwise Staff
    Primary Medical Reviewer Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
    Specialist Medical Reviewer Femi Olatunbosun, MB, FRCSC - Obstetrics and Gynecology

    Current as ofFebruary 20, 2015

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