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    Metastatic Melanoma

    Metastatic Melanoma

    Topic Overview

    When melanoma spreads (metastasizes), it usually spreads first into nearby lymph nodes . It can also spread through the bloodstream. Distant metastases of melanoma typically are found in the skin, liver, lungs, bone, and brain.

    If the melanoma is on a leg or arm, metastases usually are first found higher up on that leg or arm. Unusual sites for metastases include the eye.

    You may notice changes in a new or existing mole, such as:

    • An open sore (ulceration) or infection.
    • Bleeding for no reason.
    • Itching, tenderness, or pain.
    • A change in color.
    • A change in the thickness, such as going from flat to raised or raised to flat.

    But symptoms may be vague and include:

    • Swollen lymph nodes , especially in the armpit or groin.
    • A colorless lump or thickening under the skin.
    • Unexplained weight loss.
    • Gray skin.
    • Ongoing (chronic) cough.
    • Headaches.
    • Seizures.

    When melanoma has spread only to nearby tissues or lymph nodes, treatments such as immunotherapy can sometimes work. But after melanoma has spread to other places in the body, cure is very rare. In these cases, treatment to manage symptoms may help a person live longer.

    Related Information

    Credits

    By Healthwise Staff
    Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
    Amy McMichael, MD - Dermatology
    Last Revised October 12, 2012

    Last Revised: October 12, 2012

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