Some risk factors-things that increase your risk-for
coronary artery disease (CAD), such as your gender, age,
and family history, cannot be changed. Other risk factors for CAD are related
to lifestyle and often can be changed. Your chance of developing coronary
artery disease increases with the number of risk factors you have.
Your doctor can help you know your risk of CAD, heart attack, and stroke.
You can help lower your risk of CAD with heart-healthy lifestyle changes such as eating healthy foods, being active, and not smoking.
Family history: One or more of your
close relatives have or had early CAD.
Gender: Men generally
develop CAD 10 years earlier than women, although by age 60, CAD becomes the
leading cause of death in both genders. Women have certain other things that may increase their risk. These include hormone therapy and pregnancy-related problems.
Age: People older than age 65 are
more likely to have CAD.
Goff DC Jr, et al. (2013). 2013 ACC/AHA guideline on the assessment of cardiovascular risk: A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Circulation, published online November 12, 2013. DOI: 10.1161/01.cir.0000437741.48606.98. Accessed November 22, 2013.
ByHealthwise Staff Primary Medical ReviewerRakesh K. Pai, MD, FACC - Cardiology, Electrophysiology Specialist Medical ReviewerRobert A. Kloner, MD, PhD - Cardiology