Breast cancer occurs when cells in the breast grow abnormally. As the breast cancer grows, it can spread to nearby tissues and Reference lymph nodes Opens New Window Reference Opens New Window. Advanced breast cancer can affect the bones, liver, and brain.
Your doctor will find out more about your breast cancer when the cancer cells are examined under the microscope. Tests for Reference hormone receptors and gene changes Opens New Window are usually done after surgery. For the tests, your doctor uses tissue taken from your breast.
Your doctor will also Reference stage Opens New Window the cancer to see how far it has spread within the breast, to nearby tissues, and to other organs. Your doctor will find the stage by using tests, such as chest Reference X-rays Opens New Window or Reference CT scans Opens New Window. The stage of your cancer will help guide your treatment options.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference October 22, 2012|
|Medical Review:||Reference E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Reference Catherine D. Serio, PhD - Behavioral Health