Low Blood Sugar: Emergency Care for a Child
This information is for people who may help your child if your child is too weak or confused to treat low blood sugar. Make a copy for each of your child's caregivers.
- Make sure the child can swallow. Give the child ½ teaspoon of water. If the child can swallow the water without choking or coughing:
- Give him or her 4 fl oz (118 mL) to 6 fl oz (177 mL) of liquid (juice or soda pop) from the list of Reference quick-sugar foods.
- Wait 10 to 15 minutes.
- Check the child's blood sugar level using his or her blood sugar (glucose) meter, if available.
- Offer the child more quick-sugar food if he or she is feeling better but still has some symptoms of low blood sugar.
- Wait 10 to 15 minutes. If possible, check the blood sugar level again.
- When the child's blood sugar returns to normal, offer the child a snack (such as cheese and crackers or half of a sandwich).
- If the child becomes more sleepy or seems to have no energy, call 911 or other emergency services.
- Stay with the child until his or her blood sugar level is 70 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or higher, or until emergency help comes.
- If the child is unconscious or unable to swallow:
- Make sure the child's airway is not blocked.
- Give the child a shot of glucagon if one is available. See the slideshow about Reference how to give a glucagon injection Opens New Window Reference Opens New Window.
- After you give the glucagon shot, immediately call 911 for emergency care.
- If emergency help has not arrived within 5 minutes and the child is unconscious, give another glucagon shot.
- Stay with the child until emergency help comes.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference August 1, 2012|
|Medical Review:||Reference John Pope, MD - Pediatrics
Reference Stephen LaFranchi, MD - Pediatrics, Pediatric Endocrinology
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