Proctocolectomy and Ileostomy for Inflammatory Bowel Disease
In proctocolectomy, the Reference large intestine and rectum Opens New Window Reference Opens New Window are removed, leaving the lower end of the small intestine (the ileum). The doctor sews the anus closed and makes a small opening called a stoma in the skin of the lower abdomen. The surgical procedure to create the stoma (or any other artificial opening) is called an ostomy.
The ileum is connected to the stoma, creating an opening to the outside of the body. The surgery that creates the opening to the intestine is called an ileostomy.
Stool empties into a small plastic pouch called an ostomy bag that is applied to the skin around the stoma.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: October 8, 2012|
|Medical Review:||Reference E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Reference Peter J. Kahrilas, MD - Gastroenterology