A biophysical profile (BPP) test measures the health of your baby
(fetus) during pregnancy.
A BPP test includes a nonstress test with electronic
fetal heart monitoring and a fetal ultrasound. The BPP measures your baby's
heart rate, muscle tone, movement, breathing, and the amount of amniotic fluid
around your baby.
A biophysical profile may be recommended if the results of a
nonstress test are nonreactive. A nonreactive nonstress
test means that the baby's heart rate did not change as expected when the baby
moved. A biophysical profile may also be recommended for women who have
high-risk pregnancies. The tests allow the doctor to find any possible problems
as early as possible.
The results of the biophysical profile, ranging from 0 to 10, can
help the doctor decide if the baby is healthy. The doctor may use the results
of the BPP test to help decide when to deliver the baby or if a cesarean
section is a safer way to deliver.
Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine & William Gilbert, MD - Maternal and Fetal Medicine
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.