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    Laparotomy

    Laparotomy

    Laparotomy is a procedure in which a surgeon makes an incision in the lower abdomen in order to inspect the abdominal cavity. During laparotomy, the surgeon can correct structural problems or remove tumors, sites of endometriosis (implants), or scar tissue (adhesions).

    Laparotomy is also used to diagnose and treat female pelvic conditions such as endometriosis, uterine fibroids, ovarian cysts, and ectopic pregnancy. Laparotomy is less commonly used to explore the source of abdominal problems.

    Last Revised: November 23, 2012

    Author: Healthwise Staff

    Medical Review: Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine

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