Comprehensive Metabolic Panel
A comprehensive metabolic panel is a blood test that measures your sugar (glucose) level, Reference electrolyte Opens New Window and fluid balance, Reference kidney Opens New Window function, and liver function.
Glucose is a type of sugar your body uses for energy. Electrolytes keep your body's fluids in balance. They also help keep your body working normally, including your heart rhythm, muscle contraction, and brain function. The kidneys help keep the right balance of water, salts, and minerals in the blood. They also filter out waste and other unneeded substances from the blood. The liver helps with digestion and produces some vitamins and other substances that the body needs. It also controls the amounts of glucose, protein, and fat in the blood and releases substances that keep your Reference immune system Opens New Window healthy.
Your doctor may order a comprehensive metabolic panel as part of a regular health examination. Your doctor may use this test to check on a medical condition, such as Reference high blood pressure Opens New Window, or to help diagnose a medical condition, such as Reference diabetes Opens New Window.
This panel measures the blood levels of sodium, potassium, calcium, chloride, carbon dioxide, glucose, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, protein, albumin, bilirubin, and liver enzymes. For more information, see the topics:
- Reference Sodium.
- Reference Potassium.
- Reference Calcium.
- Reference Chloride.
- Reference Carbon Dioxide (Bicarbonate).
- Reference Glucose.
- Reference Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN).
- Reference Creatinine.
- Reference Total Protein.
- Reference Albumin.
- Reference Total Bilirubin.
- Reference Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP).
- Reference Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST).
- Reference Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT).
You may be asked to stop eating and drinking for 10 to 12 hours before you have this blood test.
|By:||Reference Healthwise Staff||Last Revised: Reference June 17, 2011|
|Medical Review:||Reference E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Reference Brian D. O'Brien, MD - Internal Medicine