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    Child Abuse: Emotional Abuse by Parents

    Child Abuse: Emotional Abuse by Parents

    Topic Overview

    The behavior of an emotionally abusive parent or caregiver does not support a child's healthy development and well-being?instead, it creates an environment of fear, hostility, or anxiety. A child is sensitive to the feeling, opinions, and actions of his or her parents. Emotionally harmful attitudes may include the following.

    Showing a lack of regard for the child

    This behavior often includes rejecting the child by:

    • Not showing affection.
    • Ignoring the child's presence and obvious needs.
    • Ignoring the child when he or she is in need of comfort.
    • Not calling the child by his or her name.

    Saying unkind things to the child

    Emotionally abusive parents say things or convey feelings that can hurt a child deeply. Common examples include:

    • Making the child feel unwanted, perhaps by stating or implying that life would be easier without the child. For example, a parent may tell a child, "I wish you were never born."
    • Ridiculing or belittling the child, such as saying, "You are stupid."
    • Threatening the child with harsh punishment or even death.
    • Continuous verbal abuse.
    • Comparing the child to siblings or peers.
    • Blaming the child for family problems.

    Creating an emotionally unhealthy environment

    Some emotionally abusive parents place ill-advised or impossibly difficult expectations on their children, such as:

    • Encouraging the child to commit immoral or illegal acts.
    • Pressuring the child to grow up too fast.
    • Expecting the child to perform beyond his or her capability or maturity.
    • Isolating the child from family and friends.

    Related Information

    Credits

    By Healthwise Staff
    Primary Medical Reviewer Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
    Specialist Medical Reviewer John Pope, MD - Pediatrics
    Last Revised December 7, 2012

    Last Revised: December 7, 2012

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