Exposure to certain chemicals on a regular basis during pregnancy has
been linked to increased rates of
Chemicals that may increase a woman's chance of
having a miscarriage include:
Medicines. Before conceiving, or as soon as you
become aware that you are pregnant, talk to your doctor about all of the
medicines you have been taking. For example, the use of the medicine isotretinoin for the treatment
of acne during pregnancy has been shown to increase the risk of miscarriage and
to cause birth defects.footnote 1, footnote 2
Tetrachloroethylene (used in dry
Arsenic, lead, formaldehyde,
benzene, and ethylene oxide.footnote 3
consumption, which can also cause birth defects and intellectual disabilities. There
is no known safe amount of alcohol intake during pregnancy. The safest course
is to avoid alcohol entirely while you are pregnant.
Fritz MA, Speroff L (2011). Recurrent early pregnancy
loss. In Clinical Gynecologic Endocrinology and Infertility, 8th ed., pp. 1191-1220. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams
Briggs GG, et al. (2011). Isotretinoin. Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation, 9th ed., pp. 777-779. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
Cunningham FG, et al. (2010). Abortion. In
Williams Obstetrics, 23rd ed., pp. 215-237. New York:
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.