A biophysical profile (BPP) test measures the health of your baby
(fetus) during pregnancy.
A BPP test includes a nonstress test with electronic
fetal heart monitoring and a fetal ultrasound. The BPP measures your baby's
heart rate, muscle tone, movement, breathing, and the amount of amniotic fluid
around your baby. Some BPPs do not include all the measurements.
A biophysical profile may be recommended if the results of a
nonstress test are nonreactive. A nonreactive nonstress
test means that the baby's heart rate did not change as expected when the baby
moved. A biophysical profile may also be recommended for women who have
high-risk pregnancies. The tests allow the doctor to find any possible problems
as early as possible.
The results of the biophysical profile can
help the doctor know if the baby is healthy. The doctor may use the results
of the BPP test to help decide when to deliver the baby or if a cesarean
section is a safer way to deliver.
Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine & William Gilbert, MD - Maternal and Fetal Medicine & Femi Olatunbosun, MB, FRCSC - Obstetrics and Gynecology