Insulin resistance is a condition in which body cells do not fully
respond to the action of insulin, a hormone that controls the amount of sugar
(glucose) in the blood. As a result, blood sugar levels become abnormally
Over time, insulin resistance can result in consistently high blood
sugar levels, which increases a person's risk for type 2 diabetes.
Pregnant women who are insulin resistant have an increased risk for gestational diabetes.
Usually, insulin resistance develops in people who are overweight
and not physically active. These characteristics are often associated with
having high cholesterol and high blood pressure. People who are insulin
resistant have an increased risk of heart disease and stroke, especially if
other risk factors, such as being a smoker or having high cholesterol levels,
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & Lois Jovanovic, MD - Endocrinology