Learning disabilities are disorders of the basic processes
involved in understanding or using the spoken or written language. They can
cause difficulty with listening, speaking, reading, writing, spelling, or doing
Learning disabilities are distinct from learning difficulties that
are a result of visual, motor, or hearing problems, or that are associated with
intellectual disability, emotional disturbance, or environmental, cultural, or
Learning disabilities may be caused by:
Heredity. Learning disabilities tend to run in
Problems during pregnancy and childbirth. Learning
disabilities may be caused by illness or injury during or before birth or by
the use of drugs and alcohol during pregnancy.
birth. Head injuries, poor nutrition, exposure to poisonous substances such as
lead, and child abuse can contribute to learning disabilities.
Susan C. Kim, MD - Pediatrics & Thomas Emmett Francoeur, MD, MDCM, CSPQ, FRCPC - Pediatrics