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    Intellectual Disability

    Intellectual Disability

    Intellectual disability (formerly called mental retardation) is a decreased ability to think and learn. It's caused by a problem with how the brain works.

    The diagnosis is based on intelligence quotient (IQ) tests and a child's learning problems.

    The disability can range from mild to severe. People who have intellectual disability may have a hard time with:

    • Learning, especially complex tasks.
    • Language.
    • Self-care (in cases of severe intellectual disability).

    Current as of: November 20, 2015

    Author: Healthwise Staff

    Medical Review: John Pope, MD - Pediatrics & Louis Pellegrino, MD - Developmental Pediatrics

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