Display Mode:

    Main content

    Health Information

    Food Safety: Cooking

    Food Safety: Cooking

    Skip to the navigation

    Topic Overview

    It is important to cook foods at a safe temperature to avoid food poisoning . The following picture shows you safe temperatures for a number of foods.

    Recommended minimal food temperatures

    Adapted from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service (2011). Safe Minimum Cooking Temperatures. Available online: www.foodsafety.gov/keep/charts/mintemp.html.

    When cooking foods:

    • Use a clean meat thermometer to determine whether meat, poultry, or egg dishes are cooked to a safe temperature. The picture above shows specific safe temperatures.
    • Bring sauces, gravies, and soups to a boil when reheating. Reheat other leftovers to at least 165°F (74°C).
    • When using a microwave oven, cover the food container, and turn or stir the food to make sure it is heated evenly throughout. If the microwave does not have a turntable, rotate the dish by hand once or twice during cooking.
    • Cook eggs until whites and yolks are firm.
    • Do not eat raw or partially cooked eggs (including cookie dough), raw (unpasteurized) milk, cheeses made with raw milk, or unpasteurized juices.
    • Do not eat undercooked hamburger, the main source of E. coli infection.
    • Be aware of the risk of food poisoning from raw fish (including sushi), clams, and oysters. Cook fish and shellfish until it is opaque and flakes easily with a fork.
    • When eating out at a restaurant, make sure foods are thoroughly cooked and are served hot.


    Other Works Consulted

    • U.S. Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service (2011). Fact sheet. Safe food handling: Basics for handling food safely. Available online: http://www.fsis.usda.gov/fact_sheets/Basics_for_Handling_Food_Safely/index.asp.


    ByHealthwise Staff
    Primary Medical Reviewer E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
    Specialist Medical Reviewer W. David Colby IV, MSc, MD, FRCPC - Infectious Disease

    Current as ofMay 24, 2016

    This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise, Incorporated, disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. Learn how we develop our content.

    © 1995-2017 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.