A mastectomy is the surgical removal of the breast. It is used
to treat breast cancer.
Mastectomy procedures include:
Total or simple mastectomy,
which is the removal of the whole breast.
Modified radical mastectomy, which is the removal of the whole breast and the lymph nodes under the arm (axillary lymph nodes).
Radical mastectomy, which is the removal of the breast, chest muscles, and all of the lymph nodes under the arm (axillary lymph node dissection). This surgery is rarely used now.
Depending on the location of the tumor in the breast and other factors, some women may be able to have a skin-sparing or nipple-sparing mastectomy. Skin-sparing mastectomy leaves most of the skin that was over the breast, except for the nipple and the areola. Nipple-sparing mastectomy saves the skin over the breast and it saves the nipple and areola.
The removal of the breast before cancer is diagnosed is
called a prophylactic mastectomy. This type of mastectomy can be used to
prevent breast cancer in women who have an extremely high risk of developing
Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine & E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & Douglas A. Stewart, MD - Medical Oncology