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    Diet and Gout

    Topic Overview

    Purines (specific chemical compounds found in some foods) are broken down into uric acid . A diet rich in purines from certain sources can raise uric acid levels in the body, which sometimes leads to gout . Meat and seafood may increase your risk of gout. Dairy products may lower your risk.

    Foods to limit (very high in purines):

    • Organ meats, such as liver, kidneys, sweetbreads, and brains
    • Meats, including bacon, beef, pork, and lamb
    • Game meats
    • Any other meats in large amounts
    • Anchovies, sardines, herring, mackerel, and scallops
    • Gravy
    • Beer

    Foods to eat occasionally (moderately high in purines, but may not raise your risk of gout):

    • Fish and seafood (other than high purine seafood)
    • Oatmeal, wheat bran, and wheat germ

    Foods that are safe to eat (low in purines):

    • Green vegetables and tomatoes
    • Fruits
    • Breads and cereals that are not whole-grain
    • Butter, buttermilk, cheese, and eggs
    • Chocolate and cocoa
    • Coffee, tea, and carbonated beverages
    • Peanut butter and nuts

    Dairy products that may lower your risk of gout:

    • Low-fat or nonfat milk
    • Low-fat yogurt

    If you have experienced a gout attack or have high uric acid in your blood (hyperuricemia), it may help to reduce your intake of meat, seafood, and alcohol. footnote 1

    Changing your diet may help lower your risk of having future attacks of gout. Doctors recommend that overweight people who have gout reach and stay at a healthy body weight by getting moderate exercise daily and regulating their fat and caloric intake.

    Related Information



    1. Gomez FE, Kaufer-Horwitz M (2012). Medical nutrition therapy for rheumatic disease. In LK Mahan et al., eds., Krause's Food and the Nutrition Care Process, 13th ed., pp. 901-922. St Louis: Saunders.


    ByHealthwise Staff
    Primary Medical Reviewer Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine
    Specialist Medical Reviewer Mary F. McNaughton Collins, MD, MPH - Internal Medicine

    Current as ofOctober 31, 2016

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