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    Type 2 Diabetes: Screening for Children

    Type 2 Diabetes: Screening for Children

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    Topic Overview

    Starting at age 10 or at the beginning of puberty, a child who has a body mass index (BMI) in the 85th percentile or higher for his or her age-or whose weight is more than 120% of ideal-and who has two of the following risk factors needs to be tested for type 2 diabetes every 3 years: footnote 1

    • A parent, brother, or sister with type 2 diabetes
    • The child's mother developed gestational diabetes while pregnant with the child
    • Hispanic, African-American, Native American, Asian-American, or Pacific Island ancestry
    • Signs of not being able to use insulin properly (insulin resistance) or conditions associated with it:

    If the results of a blood glucose test mean that your child's blood sugar is higher than normal but not yet at the level of diabetes, he or she has prediabetes . If your child eats a balanced diet and gets regular exercise, he or she may not develop diabetes.

    For more information, see the Interactive Tool: What Is Your Child's BMI? and the topic Type 2 Diabetes in Children.



    1. American Diabetes Association (2016). Standards of medical care in diabetes-2016. Diabetes Care, 39(Suppl 1): S1-S112.

    Other Works Consulted

    • American Diabetes Association (2000). Type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents. Diabetes Care, 23(3): 381-389.


    ByHealthwise Staff
    Primary Medical Reviewer John Pope, MD - Pediatrics
    Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
    Specialist Medical Reviewer Stephen LaFranchi, MD - Pediatrics, Pediatric Endocrinology

    Current as ofMay 23, 2016

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