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    Infertility: Problems With Ovulation

    Infertility: Problems With Ovulation

    Topic Overview

    It can be difficult and complicated to find out the cause of ovulation problems. Possible causes may include:

    • Hormonal imbalances. Most women with ovulation problems have hormonal imbalances. An example of a condition that causes a hormone imbalance is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) .Other ovulation problems can originate in the ovaries , or in the pituitary gland and hypothalamus , which produce hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle . These hormones are vital to normal ovulation.
    • Structural problems. Abnormalities in the structure of the ovaries (such as ovarian cysts ) or structural problems in other reproductive organs can cause changes in a woman's ovulation schedule.
    • General medical problems. Medical problems that affect the metabolism (such as thyroid problems), serious illness, emotional stress, overweight and low weight, or excessive exercise can affect a woman's ovulation schedule.
    • Cancer treatment. Exposure to certain kinds of chemotherapy or radiation can damage the egg supply in the ovaries.

    Related Information


    By Healthwise Staff
    Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
    Femi Olatunbosun, MB, FRCSC - Obstetrics and Gynecology
    Last Revised November 14, 2013

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