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    Infertility: Problems With the Uterus and Cervix

    Infertility: Problems With the Uterus and Cervix

    Topic Overview

    Problems with a woman's uterus and/or cervix may be caused by:

    • Abnormalities of the uterus present from birth.
    • Previous surgery or a procedure, such as a cervical cone biopsy or a dilation and curettage (D&C) , which may decrease fertility if these procedures have damaged the cervix or uterine lining (rare).
    • Exposure to certain drugs before birth, such as DES , which may cause deformities of the uterus, resulting in infertility.
    • Abnormalities in a woman's cervical mucus, which may affect the movement of sperm through the vagina and cervix.
    • Antibodies to sperm present in a woman's cervical mucus, which may kill the sperm or affect their ability to move normally and result in infertility.

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    Credits

    By Healthwise Staff
    Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine
    Femi Olatunbosun, MB, FRCSC - Obstetrics and Gynecology
    Last Revised December 7, 2011

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