Interactive Tool: How Does Smoking Increase Your Risk of Heart Attack?
What does this tool help you learn?
This tool helps you find out how smoking affects your chance of having a heart attack in the next 10 years. The information for this tool is based on the Framingham Heart Study. Since 1948 the Framingham Heart Study has studied the progression of heart disease and the risk factors of heart disease.
If you smoke and also have other risk factors for heart disease, your risk may be higher than this tool says it is.
What does your score mean?
Your score will appear in values from 1% to 99%. If your score is Nonsmoker: 2% and Smoker: 6%, it means that for your age and gender 2 out of 100 nonsmokers compared with 6 out of 100 smokers will have a heart attack in the next 10 years. In this example, smokers are 3 times more likely than nonsmokers to have a heart attack in the next 10 years.
If you are concerned about your score, talk to your doctor about lowering your risk for a heart attack. Quitting smoking may be the most important step you can take to reduce your risk of heart disease. According to the World Health Organization, the risk of coronary artery disease decreases by 50% in the first year after quitting. You can start lowering your risk right away by quitting smoking.
To learn more, see the topic Quitting Smoking.
This information was adapted from the National Cholesterol Education Program and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, a part of the National Institutes of Health and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2004). Risk Assessment tool for estimating your 10-year risk of having a heart attack. Available online: http://hp2010.nhlbihin.net/atpiii/calculator.asp.
Other Works Consulted
- Grundy SM, et al. (2001). Executive summary of the third report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III). JAMA, 285(19): 2486-2497.
- Grundy SM, et al. (2004). Implications of recent clinical trials of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III Guidelines. Circulation, 110(2): 227-239. [Erratum in Circulation, 110(6): 763.]
- National Cholesterol Education Program and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, a part of the National Institutes of Health and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2004). Risk Assessment tool for estimating your 10-year risk of having a heart attack. Available online: http://hp2010.nhlbihin.net/atpiii/calculator.asp.
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2010). A Report of the Surgeon General: How tobacco smoke causes disease: The biology and behavioral basis for smoking-attributable disease. Available online: http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/tobaccosmoke/report/full_report.pdf.
|Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine|
|Robert A. Kloner, MD, PhD - Cardiology|
|Last Revised||May 20, 2013|
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