Standard ileostomy - diet; Brooke ileostomy - diet; Continent ileostomy - diet; Abdominal pouch - diet; End ileostomy - diet; Ostomy - diet
You had an injury or disease in your digestive system and needed an operation called an ileostomy. The operation changed the way your body gets rid of waste (stool, feces, or poop).
Now you have an opening called a stoma in your belly. Waste will pass through the stoma into a pouch that collects it. You will need to take care of the stoma and empty the pouch many times a day.
People who have had an ileostomy can most often eat a normal diet. But some foods may cause problems. Foods that may be fine for some people may cause trouble for others.
Your pouch should be sealed well enough to prevent any odor from leaking. You may notice more odor when you empty your pouch after you eat certain foods. Some of these foods are onions, garlic, broccoli, asparagus, cabbage, fish, some cheeses, eggs, baked beans, Brussels sprouts, and alcohol.
Doing these things will keep down the odor:
- Eating parsley, yogurt, and buttermilk
- Keeping your ostomy devices clean
- Using special deodorants or adding vanilla oil or peppermint extract to your pouch before closing it. Ask your health care provider about this.
Control gas, if it is a problem:
- Eat on a regular schedule.
- Eat slowly.
- Try not to swallow any air with your food.
- DO NOT chew gum or drink through a straw. Both will make you swallow air.
- DO NOT eat cucumbers, radishes, sweets, or melons.
- DO NOT drink beer or soda, or other carbonated drinks.
Try eating 5 or 6 small meals a day.
- This will help keep you from getting too hungry.
- Eat some solid foods before you drink anything if your stomach is empty. This may help decrease gurgling sounds.
- Drink 6 to 8 cups (1.5 to 2 liters) of fluids every day. You can get dehydrated more easily if you have an ileostomy, so talk to your provider about the right amount of fluid for you.
- Chew your food well.
It is OK to try new foods, but try only 1 at a time. That way, if you have any trouble, you will know which food caused the problem.
Over-the-counter gas medicine can also help if you have too much gas.
Try not to gain weight unless you are underweight because of your surgery or any other illness. Excess weight is not healthy for you, and it may change how your ostomy works or fits.
When you feel sick to your stomach:
- Take small sips of water or tea.
- Eat a soda cracker or a saltine.
Some red foods may make you think you are bleeding.
- Tomato juice, cherry-flavored drinks, and cherry gelatin may make your stool reddish.
- Red peppers, pimientos, and beets may show up as small red pieces in your stool.
- If you have eaten these, you are most likely OK. But, call your provider if the redness does not go away.