A PEG (percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy) feeding tube insertion is the placement of a feeding tube through the skin and the stomach wall. It goes directly into the stomach. PEG feeding tube insertion is done in part using a procedure called endoscopy.
Feeding tubes are needed when you are unable to eat or drink. This may be due to stroke or other brain injury, problems with the esophagus, surgery of the head and neck, or other conditions.
Your PEG tube is easy to use. You (or your caregiver) can learn to care for it on your own and even give yourself tube feedings.
About PEG Tubes
Here are the important parts of your PEG tube:
- PEG/Gastronomy feeding tube
- 2 small discs that are on the outside and the inside of the gastrostomy opening (or stoma) in your stomach wall. These discs prevent the feeding tube from moving. The disc on the outside is very close to the skin.
- A clamp to close off the feeding tube
- A device to attach or fix the tube to the skin when not feeding
- 2 openings at the end of the tube. One is for the feedings or medicines, the other for flushing the tube. (There may be a third opening on some tubes. It is there when there is a balloon instead of an internal disc).
After you have had your gastrostomy for a while and the stoma is established, something called a button device can be used. These make feedings and care easier.
The tube itself will have a mark that shows where it should be leaving the stoma. You can use this mark whenever you need to confirm the tube is in the correct position.