Chung S, Mujal G, Liang L, Palaniappan LP, Frosch DL., Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Dec;97(50):e13604. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000013604. , 2018 Dec 01
Asians are reported to have poorer healthcare experience than non-Hispanic Whites (NHWs), but the sources of the differences are not understood. One explanation is Asian's reluctance to choose extreme responses in survey.
We thus sought to compare NHW-Asian differences in responses to healthcare experience surveys when asked to report versus rate their experiences.
Patients of an outpatient care system in 2013 to 2014 in the United States were studied. Patient experience surveys were sent after randomly selected clinic visits. Responses from 6 major Asian subgroups and NHWs were included (N?=?61,115). The surveys used a combined questionnaire of Clinician and Group Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CG-CAHPS) and Press Ganey surveys. CG-CAHPS questions are framed as "reporting" and Press Ganey questions as "rating" of experiences.
We compared the proportion of favorable (or top box) responses to 2 related questions, one from CG-CAHPS and another from Press Ganey, and assessed racial/ethnic differences when using each of the 2 related questions, using a Pearson chi-squared test for independence. All Asian subgroups were less likely to select top box than NHWs for all questions. The Asian-NHW differences in 'rating" questions were larger than the difference in related "reporting" questions. Of those who chose top box to CG-CAHPS questions (e.g., "Yes" on a question asking "Waited?<?15 minutes"), their responses to related Press Ganey questions varied widely: 47% to 57% of Asian subgroups versus 67% of NHWs rated wait time as "Very good."
The extent of racial/ethnic differences in patient-reported experiences varies based on how questions are framed. The observed poorer experiences by Asians are in part explained by their worse rating of similar objectively measurable experiences.