Gaynon MW., Retina. 26(7 Suppl):S18-23., 2006 Sep 01
PURPOSE: To review systemic modifiable factors that might downregulate pathologic levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in prethreshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), and thereby reduce the risk of blindness in affected infants.
METHODS: Review of the author's clinical experience as compared to the STOP-ROP study, and discussion and literature review of the potential effects of oxygen supplementation, light adaptation state, and correction of severe anemia on the course of prethreshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).
RESULTS: Moderate oxygen supplementation, combined with light adaptation to reduce retinal oxygen consumption and correction of severe anemia, were associated, in the author's experience, with improvement in the clinical course of prethreshold ROP. Withdrawal of these measures was often associated with deterioration of ROP.
CONCLUSION: Systemic measures can be taken that may reduce the risk of blindness in infants with prethreshold ROP. For those infants who require laser treatment for threshold ROP, prior efforts to moderate excessive levels of VEGF may improve the chances of a successful surgical result, by slowing the momentum of the disease.