Combined with protein and carbohydrates, fats round out the nutrients your body uses for energy. Fat is a compound formed from chemicals called fatty acids. Total dietary fat is the sum of monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, saturated and trans fatty acids.
Humans store fats not used for immediate energy in adipocytes (fat cells). Eating more monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats instead of saturated and trans fats helps reduce blood cholesterol.