Cervical cancer is a cancer that starts in the cervix. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus (womb) that opens at the top of the vagina.
There is a lot you can do to decrease your chance of having cervical cancer. Also, your health care provider can do tests to find early changes that may lead to cancer, or to find cervical cancer in the early stages.
Cancer cervix - screening; HPV - cervical cancer screening; Dysplasia - cervical cancer screening; Cervical cancer - HPV vaccine
Lifestyle and Safer Sex Habits
Almost all cervical cancers are caused by HPV (human papilloma virus).
- HPV is a common virus that spreads through sexual contact.
- Certain types of HPV are more likely to lead to cervical cancer. These are called high-risk types of HPV.
- Other types of HPV cause genital warts.
HPV can be passed from person to person even when there are no visible warts or other symptoms.