Chung S, Huang Q, LaMori J, Doshi D, Romanelli RJ., Popul Health Manag. doi: 10.1089/pop.2018.0206. [Epub ahead of print], 2019 Apr 23
The objective was to understand patient-reported experiences in communicating with a health care provider about prescribed medications in a health care setting serving diverse racial/ethnic groups.
Adult patients who completed a patient-experience survey and received a prescription for a hypertension, hyperlipidemia, or diabetes medication at the surveyed encounter were studied (N = 19,006). Data were collected in a large mixed-payer outpatient health care system in northern California between 2011 and 2014.
Surveys were linked to the electronic health records of the office visit to which the survey refers, with detailed information on visit content, provider, and patient characteristics. The focus was on 2 survey questions asking about providers' efforts to include patients in treatment decisions and the information received about medications.
Logistic regression was used to assess factors associated with survey responses, which were dichotomized as very good or not (ie, good, fair, poor, very poor). Chinese (OR: 0.59; 95% CI: 0.50-0.70), Asian Indians (0.68; 0.54-0.84), Japanese (0.74; 0.57-0.98), Koreans (0.46; 0.25-0.83), Vietnamese (0.51; 0.27-0.98), and African Americans (0.74; 0.55-0.99) vs. non-Hispanic whites (NHWs) reported poorer experiences of involvement in treatment decisions. Similarly, Chinese (0.59; 0.49-0.70), Asian Indians (0.67; 0.54-0.83), Koreans (0.38; 0.21-0.70), Vietnamese (0.46; 0.25-0.87), African Americans (0.65; 0.49-0.87), and Mexicans (0.77; 0.61-0.98) vs. NHWs reported poorer experiences for information received about medications.
Almost all racial/ethnic groups report poorer experiences with involvement in treatment decisions and information received about medications than NHWs in the same clinical setting, which may contribute to poorer adherence and outcomes among racial/ethnic minority groups.