Kantor AB, Deng J, Waubant E, Lin H, Becker CH, Lacy JR, Perrone AM, Bennett D, Goelz SE., J Neuroimmunol. 188(1-2):103-16. Epub 2007 Jul 5., 2007 Aug 01
AbstractWe applied broad-based phenotypic profiling to identify pharmacodynamic markers for interferon-beta in multiple sclerosis subjects.
A strong pharmacodynamic effect was observed 1.5 (short-term) vs. 6 days post weekly injection. Hundreds of differences were observed at a p-value <0.001. Most major cell populations, including neutrophils, B cells, CD4 T cells and CD8 T cells, decreased in absolute counts at 1.5 days. The striking exception was monocytes, which increased substantially.
Changes in multiple monocyte-associated cell surface molecules and monocyte related soluble factors were also observed, including: HLA class II, CCR5, CD38, CD40, CD54, CD64, CD69, CD86, CD101, TLR2, TLR4 and MCP2.
These results demonstrate that new hypotheses can be generated from broad molecular and cellular profiling in a clinical setting and provide an approach to identify candidate pharmacodynamic markers to evaluate new drug formulations, dosing and bioequivalence.