Some hormone disorders, such as an underactive thyroid, can be treated with daily hormone medication. Other diseases may require more complex treatment, such as surgery. An endocrinologist can review treatment options and help you choose the best one for you.
Medications and Injections
A number of medications can help treat hormonal disorders, including:
- Glucocorticoid pills can replace hormones such as cortisol that may be low due to a malfunctioning pituitary gland or adrenal glands.
- Several types of insulin and oral or injectable medicine can be used to treat diabetes.
- Testosterone replacement in the form of topical gels or injections may work for men who have low testosterone.
In addition, an endocrinologist may suggest thyroid gland removal if you have a growth in the gland — or if it is highly overactive or so swollen that it affects your breathing.
You may need surgery to remove the nearby parathyroid glands if the tissue is highly overactive, leading to high calcium levels in the body.