Frank AT, Zhao B, Jose PO, Azar KM, Fortmann SP, Palaniappan LP., Circulation. 129(5):570-9. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.113.005757. Epub 2013 Nov 5., 2014 Feb 04
No studies have comprehensively examined the prevalence of dyslipidemia, a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, among diverse racial/ethnic minority groups. The primary aim of this study was to identify racial/ethnic differences in dyslipidemia among minorities including Asian Americans (Asian Indian, Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, or Vietnamese), Mexican Americans, and blacks compared with non-Hispanic whites.
METHODS AND RESULTS:
Using a 3-year cross section (2008-2011), we identified 169 430 active primary care patients (35 years or older) from an outpatient healthcare organization in northern California. Age-standardized prevalence rates were calculated for 3 dyslipidemia subtypes: high triglycerides (fasting laboratory value ≥150 mg/dL), low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (fasting laboratory value <40 mg/dL [men] and <50 mg/dL [women]), and high levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (fasting laboratory value ≥130 mg/dL or taking low-density lipoprotein-lowering agents). Odds ratios were calculated by multivariable logistic regression, with adjustment for patient characteristics (age, measured body mass index, smoking). Compared with non-Hispanic whites, every minority subgroup had an increased prevalence of high triglycerides except blacks. Most minority groups had an increased prevalence of low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, except for Japanese and blacks. The prevalence of high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol was increased among Asian Indians, Filipinos, Japanese, and Vietnamese compared with non-Hispanic whites.
Minority groups, except for blacks, were more likely to have high triglyceride/low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol dyslipidemia. Further research is needed to determine how racial/ethnic differences in dyslipidemia affect racial/ethnic differences in cardiovascular disease rates.