Endometrial ablation is a surgery or procedure done to damage the lining of the uterus in order to minimize heavy or prolonged menstrual flow. This lining is called the endometrium.
Hysteroscopy-endometrial ablation; Laser thermal ablation; Endometrial ablation-radiofrequency; Endometrial ablation-thermal balloon ablation; Rollerball ablation; Hydrothermal ablation; Novasure ablation
Most often, a tool called a hysteroscope is used. It is a thin, lighted tube. It sends images of the inside of the womb to a video monitor.
- Most times, the procedure is performed under general anesthesia, but sometimes it is performed in the office under light sedation.
- The health care provider places the scope through the vagina and cervix and into the womb.
- Gas or fluid may be placed into the womb so it expands. This helps the provider see the area better.
- Pictures of the womb can be seen on the video screen.
Small tools can be used through the scope to remove abnormal growths or tissue for examination. Ablation uses heat, cold, or electricity to destroy the lining of the womb.
The procedure takes about 45 minutes.