Hematology is the study and treatment of diseases associated with blood cells and the blood-forming organs. Hematologists are doctors who treat blood diseases. The first curable cancers, lymphoma and leukemia, were blood disorders treated by chemotherapy.
Leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma are all specific types of blood cancer. These diseases begin in blood cells found in blood-forming tissues, such as bone marrow and the lymphatic system.
At Palo Alto Medical Foundation, we offer comprehensive services for diagnosing and treating blood cancers. Because medical oncologists prescribe chemotherapy medications that may produce side effects in the blood system, oncologists and hematologists often work together during treatment. Some doctors have a dual specialty of both hematology and medical oncology. (Hematology also covers blood problems not directly related to cancer, such as bleeding and clotting conditions.)